. john henry stanley residence
1111 7 Street SW
This single-family dwelling was constructed in 1911 by John Henry Stanley (1873-1928). Father of prominent Canadian historian, and designer of the Canadian flag, Dr. George Francis Gilman Stanley (1907-2002). John was the manager of the Stanley Paper Company until his retirement in 1928. He was also a member of the Shriners of the Al Azhar Temple.
George F. Stanley was born in Calgary and resided at 1111 7th Street SW with his parents until departing for Edmonton in 1924(?). Upon the completion of his B.A. at the University of Alberta he went to Oxford University in 1929 as the Rhodes Scholar from Alberta, and while there earned a B.A., M.A., M. Litt. and D. Phil., and held a Beit Fellowship in Imperial Studies and a Royal Society of Canada Scholarship. He also played for the Oxford University Ice Hockey Club which won the Spengler Cup in 1931.
In 1936 George returned to Canada to be professor of history at Mount Allison University, in Sackville, New Brunswick, and head of the history department. He was on staff there until 1946, although from 1940-46 he was on military leave. He served as an infantry training officer in Fredericton and then proceeded overseas to be an historian in the Historical Section at Canadian Army Headquarters in London. Among his numerous responsibilities were the Canadian War Artists. He became Deputy-Director of the Section and was discharge as a Lieutenant-Colonel in 1947 in Vancouver.
At the University of British Columbia (1947-49), Stanley had the first ever chair in Canadian history in Canada. Awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship, he went to Ottawa in 1949 to do research into the history of Canadian government policy in dealing with native people. This work resulted in a series of articles which have frequently been reprinted and used as sources for further research. In 1949 he was appointed head of the History Department at the Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario, and he served in this capacity for twenty years and as the first Dean of Arts (1962-1969). He became a member of the Royal Society of Canada in 1950 and received the Society’s Tyrell Medal for history in 1957. At the Royal Military College, he taught the first undergraduate course in military history ever given in Canada.
While in Kingston he was president of the Canadian Historical Association (1955-56), a member of the Massey Commission’s Committee on historic Sites and Monuments (1950-51), and a founding member of the Archaeological and Historic Sites Board of Ontario (1953-56). He was chairman of the federal government’s Centennial Publications Committee. It was while Stanley was at the Royal Military College that he suggested the basic design for the Canadian flag which was adopted 15 February 1965.
Along with his public and military involvement, he has also been published many times. His book The Birth of Western Canada, first published in 1931, was reprinted in the 1960s and was reissued in 1992 – 55 years after its original appearance. It remains the classic account of the Riel Rebellions. At the R.M.C. he wrote Canada’s Soldiers because he needed a textbook for cadets studying Canadian military history. It became required reading for every service person for three decades. Other books include: Louis Riel (a definitive biography), New France: The Last Phase, and The Story of Canada’s Flag.
After returning to Mount Allison in 1969 he was a founding member of the Atlantic Canada Institute. He also served as a member of the Federal Government Advisory Board on Canadian Military Colleges (1973-1979). Stanley was a director of the Canadian Association of Rhodes Scholars (1983-1987) and continued his long-standing role as corresponding member of the Institut d’histoire de l’Amerique francaise.
In 1982 Stanley became Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick and served in this capacity until 1987. Stanley’s term of office brought a hectic schedule of public engagements throughout the province as New Brunswickers celebrated various bicentennials. As well as receiving the Pope and hosting numerous visiting diplomats and political leaders, Stanley also entertained members of the Royal Family. In other honors, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1976 and promoted to a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1995.
In 1998, as a token to the city of his birth, Professor Stanley donated his book collection to the Special Collections of the MacKimmie Library, University of Calgary.
(Biographical Information from: Biography: Col. The Hon. George F. G. Stanley (1907-2002), Available from the World Wide Web: http://www.stfx.ca/people/lstanley/stanley/stanley.htm.)
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