. australia and new zealand airmen ANZAC - WWII memorial

 

 

ANZAC - acronym stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, whos soldiers were known as ANZACs.

 

ANZAC day (April 25) marks the anniversary of the first major action fought by Australian and New Zealand soldiers during WWI.

 

     When war broke out in 1914, Australia had been a Federal Commonwealth for only thirteen years, And the new National Government was eager to establish it's reputation among the nations of the World. In 1915, Australian and New Zealand soldiers formed part of the Allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli Peninsula, and open the way to the Black Sea for the Allied navies. 

 

     The plan was to capture Istanbul, capital of the Ottoman Empire and Ally of Germany. They landed a Gallipoli on April 25, meeting fierce resistance from the Turkish defenders. What had been planned as a bold strike to knock Turkey out of the war quickly became a stale-mate. And the campain dragged on for wight months. At the end of 1915, the Allied forces were evacuated after both sides had suffered heavy casualties and suffered landing at Gallipoli made a profound impact on Austrailians and New Zealanders at home and on April 25 quickly became the day on which they remembered the sacrifice of those who had died in war.

Commemoration

 

Commemorative services are held at dawn, the time of the original landing, accompanied by the thoughts of those lost at war to the ceremonial sounds of The Last Post on the bugle. The fourth stanza of Laurence Binyon's poem For the Fallen, known as the "Ode of Rememberance" is often recited.

 

The Ode

 

They shall not grow old,

As we that are left grow old,

Age shall not weary them,

Nor the years condemn.

At the going down of the sun,

And in the morning

We will remember them.

 

Laurence Binyon (1869-1943), For the Fallen (1914)